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Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. India Biodiversity Portal. Created on. Search in all groups Search within this group. Species specific search options Taxon Hierarchy. Natural History. Habitat and Distribution. Observation specific search options Observed during. Document specific search options Title.

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Prev Next List. Save Cancel. Send a request for permission. Close Request. Images 3. Edit Cancel. Add Resources. Synonyms Synonym. Alpinia alata A. Alpinia bracteata Roscoe. Alpinia calcarata var. Alpinia cernua Sims. Alpinia erecta Lodd. Alpinia roscoeana Steud. Alpinia simsii Gasp. Alpinia spicata Roxb. Languas calcarata Haw. Renealmia calcarata Haw. Renealmia minor Roem. Common Names English. Snap Ginger ,. Lesser galangal. Aratha ,. Kolinchi ,.

Snap Ginger. Overview Overview Brief. N Sasidharan Dr. CC BY. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public.

Diagnostic Diagnostic Keys. Leafy stem Leaves sessile, lamina glabrous, x Inflorescence terminal, cm long, densely paniculate, lower cincinni 4-flowered, upper 2-flowered; peduncle densely pubescent. Bracts minute, c. Bracteoles membranous, splitting to the base, Flowers shortly pedicellate; pedicel densely pubescent.

Calyx tubular, 0. Corolla tube almost equal to the calyx, pubescent, lobes oblong, pubescent outside; dorsal lobe 1. Labellum obovate, 3 cm long, 1. Lateral staminodes small, subulate, at the base of the labellum. Stamen 2 cm long, shorter than the labellum, anther 8 mm long, thecae parallel, pubescent, ecrestate; style slightly projected above the anther; stigma rounded with ciliate opening. Epigynous glands two, 3 mm long, thick, free from each other. Ovary 4 x 3 mm, densely pubescent, trilocular with many ovules.

Fruit globose, Seeds many. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification. Natural History Natural History Cyclicity. Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons.

It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. General description of the sites where the species is found ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat.

Includes realm e. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities feeding, mating, etc. Distribution Description. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Covers ranges, e. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat.

Occurrence Occurrence Occurrence Records Your browser does not support iframes. Related observations Show all. No observations. No data!! Demography and Conservation Demography and Conservation. Uses and Management Uses and Management Uses. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc.

It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. Can include ecosystem services. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement what happens when the organism is removed. Encyclopedia of Life EOL. Alpinia erecta Steud. Alpinia calcarata Rosc. London 8: India 6: Madras Quilon Dist.


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Alpinia calcarata Roscoe Family: Zingiberaceae , is a rhizomatous perennial herb, which is commonly used in the traditional medicinal systems in Sri Lanka. Alpinia calcarata is cultivated in tropical countries, including Sri Lanka, India, and Malaysia. Experimentally, rhizomes of Alpinia calcarata are shown to possess antibacterial, antifungal, anthelmintic, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, aphrodisiac, gastroprotective, and antidiabetic activities. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of polyphenols, tannins, flavonoids, steroid glycosides and alkaloids in the extract and essential oil of this plant. Essential oil and extracts from this plant have been found to possess wide range of pharmacological and biological activities.


Rhizomes of Alpinia calcarata Roscoe Family: Zingiberaceae possess several bioactivities and are used in the traditional medicinal systems of Sri Lanka. The present investigation was carried out to standardize the rhizomes of A. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of polyphenols, tannins, flavonoids, steroid glycosides and alkaloids in A. The percentages of moisture, total ash, acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash, ethanol extractable matter and water extractable matter were of 5. The results obtained from this study can be used to standardize rhizomes of A. The quality control of plant products is a general requirement to be fulfilled if a plant product is to be released to the market as a drug constituent. It is generally accepted that the plant kingdom offers tremendous potential in this field and should be exploited and used as supplement to the purely synthetic drugs on the market.

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