DHARMAKIRTI PRAMANAVARTTIKA PDF

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The Pramanavarttika is written in about 2, verse stanzas. The four chapters deal, respectively, with inference for oneself svarthanumana , valid knowledge pramanasiddhi , sense perception pratyaksa , and inference for others pararthanumana. The work is a commentary on an earlier work by the Buddhist logician Dignaga , the Pramanasamuccaya. The first chapter discusses the structure and types of formal inference and the apoha exclusion theory of meaning.

Dan Arnold writes that apoha is: "the idea that concepts are more precise or determinate more contentful just to the extent that they exclude more from their purview; the scope of cat is narrower than that of mammal just insofar as the former additionally excludes from its range all mammals in the world that are not cats. The second, pramanasiddhi chapter first seeks to defend the authority of the Buddha as a valid source of knowledge for those seeking spiritual freedom and to show that he spoke the truth.

According to Dan Arnold, Dharmakirti's argument here is that: "sentient phenomena must have among their causes events that are themselves sentient; events, more generally, must have ontologically homogeneous causes. The straightforward claim is thus that the events constituting the physical body are ontologically distinct from those that cause mental events.

This argument has been described by Dan Arnold as dualistic, a denial of the irreducibility of mental events to physical events and to be an appeal to qualia even though Dharmakirti eventually goes on to defend a form of epistemic idealism Yogacara.

In the third chapter, Dharmakirti argues that there are only two valid pramanas , perception pratyaksa , which is the foundation, and inference anumana , which is based on but not reducible to perception. Svalaksana are the ultimately existing things, the only kind of thing that really exists. Since perception is seen as apprehending the real unique particulars, it is for Dharmakirti, "devoid of conception.

The Pramanavarttika was very influential among Buddhist philosophers such as Jnanagarbha, Santaraksita and Kamalasila for whom it became a key work on epistemology. It was also influential among non-Buddhist thinkers like Akalanka and Adi Shankara. In Tibetan Buddhism , it was influential among thinkers like Sakya Pandita and Tsongkhapa , and it is the major work on epistemology studied in Buddhist monasteries. According to Georges Dreyfus:.

Since the time of Sa-pan. It not only covers important areas such as logic, philosophy of language, and epistemology; it also provides the philosophical methodology for scholastic studies generally, as well as a large part of the philosophical vocabulary and the tools arguments and consequences used in debate.

Dharmakirti wrote a long auto-commentary on the first chapter. Other commentaries include: [20]. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Buddhism History. Dharma Concepts. Buddhist texts. Buddhism by country. Zalta ed. Institute of Indology, Topics in Buddhism. Outline Glossary Index. Category Religion portal.

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The 2nd Chapter of Dharmakirti's "Pramanavarttika"

The Pramanavarttika is written in about 2, verse stanzas. The four chapters deal, respectively, with inference for oneself svarthanumana , valid knowledge pramanasiddhi , sense perception pratyaksa , and inference for others pararthanumana. The work is a commentary on an earlier work by the Buddhist logician Dignaga , the Pramanasamuccaya. The first chapter discusses the structure and types of formal inference and the apoha exclusion theory of meaning. Dan Arnold writes that apoha is: "the idea that concepts are more precise or determinate more contentful just to the extent that they exclude more from their purview; the scope of cat is narrower than that of mammal just insofar as the former additionally excludes from its range all mammals in the world that are not cats. The second, pramanasiddhi chapter first seeks to defend the authority of the Buddha as a valid source of knowledge for those seeking spiritual freedom and to show that he spoke the truth.

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