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The first cesium magnetometer survey of prehistoric sites in Yugoslavia was carried out by Elizabeth K. Ralph in June , on Neolithic sites being excavated under the joint direction of Drs. Around B. Except for the systematic excavations carried out years ago by Vasic at the type-site of Vinca, a tell on the Danube near Belgrade, no site has been dug extensively enough to yield data on the nature of settlement —that is, on the spacial distribution of houses and other structures, storage facilities, and areas where specialized activities were carried out.
Also, we know next to nothing about the reasons why particular spots were selected for settlement. Neolithic village sites suitable for settlement-pattern studies are densely distributed in the part of Yugoslavia south of Belgrade. One site in this area, Divostin, about km. McPherron and Srejovic. Divostin, at the present time, is a small Serbian farming village, where the local people raise corn, wheat, tree fruits and other crops, and keep cattle, sheep, and pigs.
From the scatter of materials on the surface, the existence of a large Neolithic site underlying most of the contemporary houses and fields had been known for years and it was also known to have Starcevo and Vinca occupations that were a little different stylistically from one studied previously in central Serbia. The pottery yield from one house was over eighty reconstructible vessels, which is even more impressive if one considers that floors were encountered sometimes as little as 20 centimeters under the surface.
Fortunately, the site had been plowed only superficially with ox-drawn plows. House floors, found so well preserved, are important for a number of reasons.
First, they make it easy to study the patterns of settlement on the site. The Yugoslavian Geomagnetic Institute, at Dr. The crew from the Institute surveyed a portion of the site and located a number of anomalies—areas with pronounced magnetic properties. In every case, when such anomalies were excavated, a house floor was found. This successful survey made it obvious that it would be worthwhile to conduct more extensive magnetometer surveys at Divostin and at other Neolithic sites with similar burned house floors.
Therefore, Dr. The big advantage of these magnetometers is that, with them, areas can be covered much more rapidly. Also, though this was of little importance here, they are more sensitive. Two types of cesium magnetometers, both manufactured by Varian Associates, were used. The other has a simplified audio readout. With this, the instrument crew can walk in lines at a fast pace and simply listen for anomalies.
The site at Divostin was covered thoroughly in twelve grids insofar as ripening wheat fields and contemporary buildings permitted. In these grids, which covered 50, square meters, fifteen pronounced anomalies as well as many lesser ones were found.
The large anomaly in grid No. In the photograph, one sees also a few smaller anomalies the regions with closely spaced contours of equal magnetic intensity , but in this and in the other grids made at Divostin the anomalies are scattered, that is, they do not form any particular patterns.
Grivac, another site, like Divostin, with both Starcevo and Vinc a components, is about 20 km. Branko Gavela of the University of Belgrade, who had dug there some years before.
The drawing on this page shows the results of one grid. Also some houses excavated at Divostin could be detected only when the subsoil was reached. Then, the foundation trenches for their walls were revealed by their different soil colors.
Expedition Magazine. Penn Museum, Web. Learn more. Divostin Grid 5. Sensor Hight, 75cm. Burned floor of Neolithic house 99 approximately 12 meters long detected by magnetometer in Divostin 5. Divostin Grid Sensor Height, 75 cm. Explore the Digital Penn Museum.
Divostin and the Neolithic of Central Serbia
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Magnetometer Location of Neolithic Houses in Yugoslavia
Divostin And The Neolithic Of Central Serbia