Gibbs free energy of formation of UPb s compound. Liquid lead and lead-bismuth eutectic LBE are being explored as primary candidates for coolants in accelerator driven systems and in advanced nuclear reactors due to their favorable thermo-physical and chemical properties. However, corrosion of structural materials i. The interactions of liquid lead or LBE with clad and fuel is of great scientific and technological importance in the development of advanced nuclear reactors. The paper deals with the determination of Gibbs free energy of formation of U-rich phase i.
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The Gibbs—Donnan effect also known as the Donnan's effect , Donnan law , Donnan equilibrium , or Gibbs—Donnan equilibrium is a name for the behaviour of charged particles near a semi-permeable membrane that sometimes fail to distribute evenly across the two sides of the membrane. Because small cations are attracted, but are not bound to the proteins, small anions will cross capillary walls away from the anionic proteins more readily than small cations. Thus, some ionic species can pass through the barrier while others cannot. The solutions may be gels or colloids as well as solutions of electrolytes , and as such the phase boundary between gels, or a gel and a liquid, can also act as a selective barrier.