A pioneer of European integration , he served as the founding president of the Paneuropean Union for 49 years. His parents were Heinrich von Coudenhove-Kalergi , an Austro-Hungarian diplomat, and Mitsuko Aoyama , the daughter of an oil merchant, antiques-dealer and major landowner in Tokyo. He became a Czechoslovak citizen in and then took French nationality from until his death. His first book, Pan-Europa , was published in and contained a membership form for the Pan-Europa movement, which held its first Congress in in Vienna. In , Aristide Briand was elected honorary president of the Pan-Europa movement.
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The Books. List of titles - brief display List of titles - full display with biography and summary. Start date Start date End date End date This title is unfortunately not available in full text for copyright reasons. Further works by Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi. Biography and summary in Biography and summary in de - German en - English fr - French. Biography Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi Austrian, born - died was a pioneer of European integration.
Born into the Austrian-Hungarian Empire and dismayed by the world order which followed World War I, he dedicated his entire life to his vision of 'Paneuropa', a popular movement for a united Europe he had launched in the early s. Over a period of decades, Coudenhove-Kalergi built up a network of political leaders who helped to advocate for Europe's political and economic integration.
For his endeavours for a peaceful Europe, Coudenhove-Kalergi was awarded the first ever Charlemagne Prize Moreover, he proposed Beethoven's Ode to joy as the European anthem.
Summary In 'Paneuropa: ' Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi presents a very personal, and at times emotional, account of the history of the political movement that he founded shortly after World War I, and which became one of the precursors of the European Union.
The aim of the Paneuropa movement was to create close economic and political ties between states from Poland to Portugal, in an effort to prevent further wars. In subsequent years Coudenhove-Kalergi organised European conferences which brought together leading politicians, parliamentarians and intellectuals. After Hitler came to power, the Paneuropa movement was banned and its leader went exile. During this time he further developed his ideas in France and the US, before returning to Europe in Winston Churchill gave the movement fresh impetus in when he mentioned Paneuropa in his famous call for Franco-German reconciliation in Zurich.
With his vision of a united, peaceful Europe, Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi was a European ahead of his time. Share this page: Facebook Twitter LinkedIn. Sign up for email updates.
Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi
The Origins For the majority of Europeans, World War I meant the beginning of the end of the European civilization. In , he managed to bring together diverse political figures in the First Pan-European Congress, held in Vienna. Koudenhove-Kalergi "Europe as a political concept does not exist. This part of the world includes nations and states installed in the chaos, in a barrel of gunpowder of international conflicts, in a field of future conflicts. This is the European Question: the mutual hate of the Europeans that poisons the atmosphere. The biggest obstacle to the accomplishment of the United States of Europe is the one thousand years old rivalry between the two most populated nations of Pan-Europe: Germany and France
The 100 Books
The Books. List of titles - brief display List of titles - full display with biography and summary. Start date Start date End date End date This title is unfortunately not available in full text for copyright reasons. Further works by Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi. Biography and summary in Biography and summary in de - German en - English fr - French.
Had Coudenhove-Kalergi’s Pan-Europa Foreseen the United Kingdom’s Nationalist Hour (Brexit)?