LAUTARO EPOPEYA DEL PUEBLO MAPUCHE PDF

En el actual centro-sur de Chile fueron las poblaciones reche-mapuche quienes se opusieron con tenacidad al dominio hispano, inaugurando la llamada Guerra de Arauco. Influenciados por la cultura Inca, los reche consideraban la guerra como una batalla ritual, antes que una empresa destinada al exterminio total del enemigo. Hombres fuertes y liderazgo en las sociedades segmentarias: un estudio de casos. Pelea en la Cuesta Villagra, y retirasse derrotado a la Concepcion despues de una sangrienta batalla.

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If the Mapuche people are known at all outside Chile, it is as the fierce Araucanian warriors that managed to repel Spanish and Chilean attempts to colonize their homeland until the s. Crow effectively demonstrates that this stress on Mapuche distinctiveness has not entailed the absolute rejection of the Chilean state. Born in and educated in Chilean public schools, he entered teaching and rose to become a member of the national Chamber of Deputies in the s, even advocating for the privatization of Mapuche reservation lands reducciones.

However, he always identified himself as a Mapuche, not a mestizo , spoke Mapuzungun, wrote nostalgically of his upbringing in a traditional Mapuche rural setting, and even insisted land division should proceed on Mapuche terms.

Other Mapuches have similarly defied easy categorization. Manuel Aburto Panguilef, a near contemporary of Manquilef, can almost be seen as his opposite: he steadfastly opposed the privatization of Mapuche lands and presented himself as something of a traditional mystic quite unlike a modern professional man like Manquilef.

Despite their differences, both Manquilef and Aburto found ways of being both Mapuche and active participants in Chilean politics. This flexibility in identity has often not been appreciated, even by those sympathetic to indigenous peoples.

Like other current scholars, Crow has some pointed criticism for the Latin American indigenismo movement of the middle decades of the twentieth century and the cultural figures influenced by it, including beloved Chilean poets Gabriela Mistral and Pablo Neruda. One might think that the repressive right-wing military dictatorship that came to power on September 11, , would have had a chilling effect on any potentially divisive cultural expression.

Indeed, Decree-Law of promoted the division and privatization of indigenous lands and abolished distinct legal or social standing for indigenous people. Yet, the Ad-Mapu organization achieved legal standing under the regime despite its criticism of Decree-Law and the known leftist orientation of some of its members. It should perhaps be cautioned that The Mapuche in Modern Chile is very much an academic book.

Although relatively short, the writing is dense, and the complex, somewhat shifty argument Crow constructs requires careful reading. It is also clear she owes a substantial debt to other scholars, especially Florencia Mallon. However, readers interested in Chile and Latin American indigenous peoples will likely find this a valuable addition to their collection.

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Lautaro (Epopeya del pueblo mapuche)

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El toqui Lautaro (ca.1534-1557)

Intertextual politics at play : a dialogic relationship between the discourses of the Conquest and Chilean theater. Intertextual Politics at Plays examines the dialogic relationship among discourses of the Conquest and plays written from the mid-twentieth century to the present to see how playwrights transcode and reinterpret traditional historical texts of the Conquest of Chile. The theories of adaptation proposed by Linda Hutcheon are mainly used to explain the intertextual relationship among discourses of Conquest of Chile and the plays under discussion. In these plays, intertextuality involves not just formal relations of texts, but also implies political, social, and pedagogical reasons that compel the playwrights to deconstruct or give a new meaning to the historical texts adapted. The introductory chapter reviews the contexts of the plays, to better understand the politics of intertextuality implicit in the texts under study. Lastly, the conclusion proposes that the plays under study offer alternative readings to traditional historical texts and contribute to the discussion of Chilean identity, but barely relate the Mapuches to Chilean society, seeing them instead from a European-oriented cultural model. Intertextual politics at play: a dialogic relationship between the discourses of the Conquest and Chilean theater.

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Isidora Aguirre

Isidora Aguirre Tupper 22 March — 25 February was a Chilean writer, an author mainly of dramatic works on social issues that have been performed in many countries in the Americas and Europe. Back in Chile, "a chance encounter with the actor and theater director Hugo Miller on a trolleybus was decisive in defining her vocation and devoting herself completely to dramaturgy. On her complete dedication to the theater, she said "One always has to choose. It is not possible to be married and to write as I do. I had to spend whole days in the library looking for historical data, although I was expecting my youngest daughter and I would have liked to knit little coats. But the theater chose me. For Los papeleros , I spent months chatting with those who rummage through garbage cans.

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Aguirre, Isidora

If the Mapuche people are known at all outside Chile, it is as the fierce Araucanian warriors that managed to repel Spanish and Chilean attempts to colonize their homeland until the s. Crow effectively demonstrates that this stress on Mapuche distinctiveness has not entailed the absolute rejection of the Chilean state. Born in and educated in Chilean public schools, he entered teaching and rose to become a member of the national Chamber of Deputies in the s, even advocating for the privatization of Mapuche reservation lands reducciones. However, he always identified himself as a Mapuche, not a mestizo , spoke Mapuzungun, wrote nostalgically of his upbringing in a traditional Mapuche rural setting, and even insisted land division should proceed on Mapuche terms. Other Mapuches have similarly defied easy categorization.

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