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Tools for Studying the Hebrew Bible. Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. Additional Scholarly Bible Editions. Electronic Resources. Research Tools. English-Hebrew Glossary. Hebrew-English Glossary. Hebrew Chapter and Verse Numbers. The Name of God. A concordance is a tool which brings together similar words words that "concord" under a single heading. Concordances exist for many major Western works, such as the oeuvre of Shakespeare, and several concordances have been compiled for the HB.
Concordances serve two main purposes: for advanced students and scholars, they are often used to help find a passage e. A person who compiles a biblical concordance must make certain difficult decisions concerning issues for which there is no single correct answer: Where should nouns be listed? Where should personal names be listed?
Should the biblical citation only e. Should the citation be vocalized or unvocalized? Which very common words or particles e. Should any definitions be included? Should phrases or idioms somehow be noted? The two main concordances, discussed below, differ in their decisions concerning many of these issues; for this reason, in some cases it is wiser to use one concordance rather than another.
However, in the the twenty-first century, it typically is easier to use Bible programs instead of a paper concordance. They are easier to use, and more comprehensive, detailed, flexible, and powerful than paper concordances. Online concordances include:. Visit the Electronic Resources page to learn more about these programs. No paper or electronic concordance is definitive--often forms of Hebrew words are ambiguous, and a person needs to decide its grammatical form, and thus where it should be placed in a paper or electronic concordance.
The following information is important to note before attempting to find anything in Mandelkern: A list of abbreviations is found on pp. The numbers of this section refer to pages and columns. Each entry begins with a short lexical discussion in Latin and in modern Hebrew. Jamie Bryson, Jul 1, , PM.
Pages from Even-Shoshan. Pages from Mandelkern. Concordances A concordance is a tool which brings together similar words words that "concord" under a single heading. A New Concordance of the Bible , by Abraham Even-Shoshan was first published in , and has subsequently appeared in various editions, some of which have an introduction in English. This entry is available for download at the bottom of this page. Common nouns, proper nouns, Aramaic words and pronouns are all found in the same section.
Each entry contains a short lexical discussion in modern Hebrew. The verses are vocalized. The verses are numbered and expressions are often collected using a numerical key. These listings are not always accurate. With words that are frequently used, only citations are given; the verse-fragment is not given.
It is therefore often more useful to look up common words in Mandelkern, even though the print is less clear and the texts are not vocalized.
Concordance Bible by Mandelkern Solomon
However, he soon came under the influence of Haskalah. At the age of 19 he divorced his very pious wife and went to study at the newly founded rabbinical seminaries of Vilna and Zhitomir. He also studied Semitic languages at the University of St. From to Mandelkern served as assistant to the government-appointed rabbi at Odessa, being one of the first to preach in Russian.
At the age of 16 he was sent to Dubno to continue his studies, and for some time he lived in Kock Kotsk , Poland. Drawn to secular studies in the early s, Mandelkern began to send articles to the Hebrew press. While attending rabbinical seminaries from , first in Zhitomir and then in Vilna , he associated with the poet Adam ha-Kohen Avraham Dov Lebensohn. In , Mandelkern was ordained as a state rabbi, and afterward pursued three academic degrees: in the Department of Oriental Languages at the University of Saint Petersburg , in the Department of Law at the University of Odessa , and at the German University of Jena, where he wrote his doctoral dissertation on a biblical topic. In , Mandelkern took up the post of state rabbi in Odessa; however, in he was fired from this position and left Russia permanently, after intentionally misleading the editors of the weekly Ha-Melits by publishing a false report on a blood libel that had never taken place.
Mandelkern Concordance To The Holy Scriptures
He was educated as a Talmudist. After his father's death he went to Dubno he was then fourteen , where he continued his Talmudical studies. After his marriage he went to Wilna , entered its rabbinical school, and graduated as a rabbi. Mandelkern subsequently studied Oriental languages at St.