PROJECT CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT BY MAX FAJARDO PDF

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Construction management or Construction project management CPM is the overall planning, coordination, and control a project from beginning completion. CPM is aimed at meeting a clients requirement in order to produce a functionally and financially viable project CPM is project management that applies to the construction sector.

The construction industry is composed of five sectors: residential. Commercial, heavy civil, industrial, and environment. A construction manager holds the same responsibilities and completes the same processes in each sector. All that separates a construction manager in one sector from one in another is the knowledge of the construction site.

This may include different types of equipment, materials, subcontractors, and possibly locations. A contractor is assigned to a construction project once the design has been completed by the architect or is still in progress. This is done by going through a bidding process with different contractors. The contractor is selected by using one of the three selection methods: low-bid selection, best value selection. A construction manager should have the ability to handle public safety, time management, decision making, mathematics, and human resources.

Specifying project objectives and plans including delineation of scope, budgeting, scheduling, setting performance requirements, and selecting project participants. Maximizing the resource efficiency through procurement of labor, materials and equipment. Implementing various operations through proper coordination and control of planning, design, estimating, contracting and construction in the entire process.

Developing effective communications and mechanisms for resolving conflicts. The construction manager offers advice, uncolored by any conflicting interest, on matters such as:. Optimum use of available funds; Control of the scope of the work; Project scheduling; Optimum use of design and construction firms skill and talents; Avoidance of delays, changes and disputes; Enhancing project design and construction quality; Optimum flexibility in contracting and procurement Cash flow Management.

Comprehensive management of every stage of the project, beginning with the original concept and project definition, yields the greatest possible benefit to owners from Construction Management.

As time progress beyond the pre-design phase, the CMs ability to effect cost savings diminishes. The software application field of construction collaboration technology has been developed to apply information technology to the construction management process. CM at risk CM at risk is a delivery method which entails a commitment by the construction manager to deliver the project within a Guaranteed Maximum Price GMP , in most cases.

The construction manager acts as consultant to the owner in the development and design phases, often referred to as Preconstruction Services , but as the equivalent of a general contractor during the construction phase.

When a construction manager is bound to a GMP, the most fundamental character of the relationship is changed. In addition to acting in the owners interest, the construction manager must manage and control construction costs to not exceed the GMP, which would be a financial hit to the CM Company.

Planning and Scheduling Project management methodology:. Work inspection Change order Review payment Materials and samples Shop drawings 3d image. M is responsible exclusively to the owner and acts it the owners interests at every stage of the project. Optimum use of available funds; Control of the scope of the work; Project scheduling; Optimum use of design and construction firms skills and talents; Avoidance of delays, changes and disputes; Enhancing project design and construction quality;.

He selects the subcontractors and workers, and provides required explanations for the builders and other professional associated with the project, coordinating and collaborating with the architects, engineers and specialists. The construction manager also ensures the construction project complies with all building codes and any other legal or regulatory requirements.

When delays or problems occur- as they always do- the construction manager is the projects first responder, ready to make the changes required to move the project past the issue. A bid tells the owner how much money they should expect to pay the construction management company in order for the complete the project.

Open Bid: An open bid is used for public projects. Any and all contractors are allowed to submit their bid due to public advertising. Closed Bid: A closed bid is used for private projects. A selection of contractors are sent an invitation for bid so only the can submit a bid for the specified project.

Low- bid selection: This selection focuses on the price of a project. Multiple construction management companies submit a bid to the owner that is the lowest amount they are willing to do the job for. Then the owner usually chooses the company with the lowest bid to complete the job for them. Best Value selection: This selection focuses on both the price and qualifications of the contractors submitting bids.

This means that the owner choose the contractor with the best prices and the best qualifications. The owner decides by using a request for proposal RFP , which provides the owner with the contractors exact form of scheduling and budgeting that the contractor expects to use for the project.

Qualifications Based selection: This selection is used when the owner decides to choose the contractor only on the basis of their qualifications. The owner then uses a request for qualifications RFQ , which provides the owner with the contractors experience, management plans, project organization, and budget and schedule performance.

The owner may also ask for safety records and individual credentials of their members. Lump sum: This is the most common type of contract. The construction manager and the owner agree on the overall cost of the construction project and the owner is responsible for paying that amount whether the construction project exceeds or falls below the agreed price of payment.

Cost Plus fee: This contract provides payment for the contractor including the total cost of the project as well as a fixed fee or percentage of the total cost. This contract is beneficial to the contractor since any additional costs will be for paid even though they were unexpected for the owner.

Guaranteed Maximum Price: This contract is the same as the cost plus free contract although there is a set price that the overall cost and fee do not go above. Unit Price: This contract is used when the cost cannot be determined ahead of time. The owner provides materials with a specific unit price to limit spending. Residential: Residential housing is for society including individual homes, apartments, condominium, and townhouses.

Commercial: This refers to construction dealing with the needs of commerce, trade, and government. Some examples may be school, banks, hospitals, theaters, and government buildings. Heavy Civil: This type of construction greatly impacts society since it deals with transportation.

Some examples are roads, bridge, railroad, dams, tunnels, and airports. Industrial: Industrial is connected will buildings that are used for different types of production. Some examples are chemical plants, steel mills, oil refineries, manufacturing plants, and pipelines. Environmental: Environmental used to be part of heavy civil, but it now has its own section since it deals with projects that improve the environment.

Some examples are sanitary sewers, waste management, and clean water. Field Engineer: A field engineer is considered an entry-level position and is responsible for paperwork. During the pre-construction stage, a site investigation must take place. A site investigation takes place to discover if any steps need to be implemented on the job site. This is in order to get the site ready before the actual construction begins. This also includes any unforeseen conditions such as historical artifacts or environment problems.

A soil test must be done to determine if the soil is in good condition to be built upon. Procurement The procurement stage is when labor, materials and equipment needed to complete the project are purchased. This can be done by the general contractor if the company does all their own construction work.

If the contractor does not do their own work, they obtain it through subcontractors. Subcontractors are contractors who specialize in one particular aspect of the construction work such as concrete, melding, glass, or carpentry.

Subcontractors are hired the same way a general contractor would be, which is through the bidding process. Purchase orders are also part of the procurement stage. Purchase Order: A purchase order is used in various types of businesses. In this case, a purchase order is an agreement between a buyer and seller that the products purchased meet the required specification for the agreed price.

Construction The construction stage begins with a pre-construction meeting brought together by the superintendent. The pre-construction meeting is meant to make decisions dealing with work hours, material storage, quality control, and site access. The next step is to move everything onto the construction site and set it all up. At this stage, construction monitoring and supervision is of great importance to ensure that a project is completed on time and on budget, while meeting all relevant regulations and quality standards.

Post Construction Once the construction has been completed there are specific steps that must be taken to prepare the building for occupancy. Project Punch out: A project punch out means that the project must be looked at for any issues before it is considered completely finished.

Issues may include replacing a cracked tile on the floor or changing the color of paint. A list is created containing these issues and it is known as a punch list. Substantial Completion: The architect for the project determines if the building meets every requirement and issues a certificate of substantial completion. Guaranteed Maximum Price: This contract is the same as the cost plus- fee contract although there is a set price that the overall cost and fee do not go above.

Project Stages Design The design stage contains a lot of steps: programming and feasibility, schematic design, design development, and contract documents. It is the responsibility of the design team to ensure that the design meets all building codes and regulations.

It is during the design stage that the bidding process takes place. Programming and Feasibility: The needs, goals, and objectives must be determined for the building. Decisions must be made on the building size, number of rooms, how the space will be used, and who will be using the space. This must all be considered to begin the actual designing of the building. Schematic Design: Schematic designs are sketches used to identify spaces, shape, and patterns. Materials, sizes, colors, and textures must be considered in the sketches.

Design Development DD : This step requires research and investigation into what materials and equipment will be used as well as their cost. Contract Documents CDs : Contract documents are the final drawings and specifications of the construction project. They are used by contractors to determine their bid while builders use them for the construction process. Contract documents can also be called working drawing.

Pre Construction The pre-construction stage begins when the owner gives a notice to proceed to the contractor the they have chosen through the bidding process. A notice to proceed is when the owner gives permission to the contractor to begin their work on the project.

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Project Construction Management by Max Fajardo

Construction management or Construction project management CPM is the overall planning, coordination, and control a project from beginning completion. CPM is aimed at meeting a clients requirement in order to produce a functionally and financially viable project CPM is project management that applies to the construction sector. The construction industry is composed of five sectors: residential. Commercial, heavy civil, industrial, and environment. A construction manager holds the same responsibilities and completes the same processes in each sector. All that separates a construction manager in one sector from one in another is the knowledge of the construction site.

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