Muslims believe that the Quran was orally revealed by God to the final prophet , Muhammad , through the archangel Gabriel Jibril ,   incrementally over a period of some 23 years, beginning on 22 December CE ,  when Muhammad was 40, and concluding in , the year of his death. The word "Quran" occurs some 70 times in the Quran's text, and other names and words are also said to refer to the Quran. According to tradition, several of Muhammad's companions served as scribes and recorded the revelations. There are, however, variant readings , with mostly minor differences in meaning. The Quran assumes familiarity with major narratives recounted in the Biblical scriptures. It summarizes some, dwells at length on others and, in some cases, presents alternative accounts and interpretations of events.
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The two above-named manuscripts are collections of fragments and are referred to in the subtitle which is simply the Latinized form of Paris and St Petersburg. Together with those of the Vatican library and the D. Most users should sign in with their email address.
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Volume Le codex Parisino-petropolitanus. Ahmad Gunny. Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies E-mail: ahmadgunny btinternet.
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Books Received. The Muslim Conquest of the City of al-Ubulla.