These slings were selected over traditional steel slings due to their lighter weight which effectively increased the lifting capacity of the crane; as well as due to the difficult nature of the lifting job which involved placing two topside modules side by side on the jacket. This ground breaking project utilized what we believe to be the largest synthetic slings ever manufactured and used for a topside lift to date. The two modules weighed approximately 2, metric tons each and were transported from the fabrication yard in Korea to site in Myanmar with the slings installed. The slings were manufactured as matched sets to 0. Individual proof load testing was conducted using our KimTest test bed, one of the largest and longest in the industry. The lifting and mating of both modules was completed successfully and without major incident.
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Revised Turnbull Guida Guidance document on t Guidance of Solder Pas Albany Cable New Crane Standards. Slew Cranes in Shipyar IMCA promotes improvements in quality, health, safety, environmental and technical standards through the publication of information notes, codes of practice and by other appropriate means.
Members are self-regulating through the adoption of IMCA guidelines as appropriate. They commit to act as responsible members by following relevant guidelines and being willing to be audited against compliance with them by their clients.
There are two core activities that relate to all members:? HSE has advised that, although it no longer issues this type of guidance, it would not be adverse to operational practices which followed the guidelines formerly available in PM The guidance was originally prepared by a working group of experts in and was intended to be mainly of assistance to those concerned with the use of cable laid slings and grommets in very heavy lifting operations.
Such operations often use cable laid slings and grommets of mm diameter and over, as developed for use in the offshore oil industry. These are generally too large for existing test equipment to be used to test the rope sample to destruction. This note, therefore, gives advice on their construction, rating, testing, certification, examination and use. The original working group membership for PM20 was as follows:? The lay length of the cable laid rope should be a minimum of six times and a maximum of seven-and-ahalf times its nominal diameter.
Cable laid ropes should be manufactured right or left hand lay in accordance with one of the combinations of unit rope constructions and cable lay factors, as specified in Appendix 6.
Dimension w should be in accordance with Table 1 with h at least 2w. The difference in length between slings of matched pairs should not exceed 0. Diameter of cable laid rope Pin diameter mm mm mm mm Table 1 — Pin Diameters mm mm mm mm If measurement under conditions different from the above is required, the customer should state the requirements on the order and the details should be shown on the Certificate of Dimensional Conformity Appendix 3A.
For core unit ropes also seven strands can be used. All unit ropes should have a steel core. Compacted or deformed unit ropes are not allowed to be used. The breaking load of unit ropes up to 60mm diameter should be calculated in accordance with the method given in ISO and for larger ropes EN will be applicable see Appendix 1 for method of calculation. For these purposes, this is taken as 9.
This bending factor will also be applicable for the bend of the sling eye, although this will often not be governing as the sling load will be divided over the two legs of the eye. The bending factor EB shall be calculated according to the formula: 0. Notes: 1 ET the termination efficiency and EB the bending efficiency are not additive. Under no circumstances should the sling body contact any surface where the radius is less than 0. The eyes of a sling leg should be formed by the use of hand splices made in one of the following ways, or by another method which can be demonstrated to be as efficient.
The core should be worked in with the splice and not cut out. The length of tails of outer ropes after the last tuck should be at least three times the diameter of the cable laid rope and the tails should be seized to the main body of the sling. The method of splicing must be mentioned on the consolidation test certificate see Appendix 2. These tucks should be over and under against the lay of the rope, except that the first tuck only of any one unit rope may be with the lay.
The sixth tuck can be made with one half of the strands from the outer unit ropes. All tucks should be over one and under two. The minimum remaining undistorted sling length between the splices of both sling ends shall, in all cases, be at least 15d, where d is the nominal diameter of the cable laid rope forming the sling.
If the sling body is to be doubled then this minimum length must be agreed by the interested parties, but should not be less than 15d. A grommet contains one tuck splice diametrically opposite the core butt position.
This core butt and tuck position should be clearly marked by red paint and should be positioned at approximately 0. The grommet must never be bent at this marked position. Dimension h should be at least 2w. The difference in circumferential length between grommets of matched pairs should not exceed 1.
The length of the circumference should be at least five times the cable lay length. Unless specified otherwise, when measuring actual grommet lengths, if pins are used, the pin diameter should be as per Table 2.
Diameter of cable laid rope Pin diameter mm mm mm mm Table 2 — Pin Diameters mm mm mm mm If measurement under conditions different from the above is required, the customer should state the requirements on the order and the details should be shown on the certificate of dimensional conformity Appendix 3B. For these purposes this is taken as 9. Note: Although the cross section of the grommet comprises a total of 14 ropes, the core section of the unit rope should be discounted in the calculation of the breaking load because the joint is butted and not spliced.
For these applications, f is taken as not less than 2. Bending factor for the bend of a grommet at its ends or when used as a doubled grommet at the grommet body. Under no circumstances should the grommet contact any surface where the radius is less than 0.
The actual unit rope breaking load should be equal to or greater than the calculated breaking load in accordance with paragraphs 2. The following certificates should be issued for each sling or grommet and should be available to all interested parties on request: i ii iii Consolidation test certificate see Appendix 2 ; Certificate of dimensional conformity see Appendices 3A and 3B ; Certificate of examination see Appendix 4. Each cable laid sling should also be marked with a longitudinal line to show its alignment when originally measured see paragraph 2.
For a grommet, the core butt position and the tuck position should be marked by red paint see paragraph 5. Competent person Designated person, suitably trained, qualified by knowledge and practical experience, and in possession of the necessary instructions to enable the required calculation of WLL and examination to be carried out. An inspection or thorough examination is carried out to identify damage or deterioration which affects fitness for use, such as: i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix broken or damaged wires; distortion of the rope crushing, kinking, etc.
A thorough examination should be carried out: i ii iii at least once in every six months if the sling or grommet is in use; before putting the sling or grommet into long term storage; if the sling or grommet has been in store for more than six months and is being put into use.
Appendix 5 gives guidance on the assessment of the condition of the sling or grommet and on discard. A certificate of examination see Appendix 4 should be renewed after each thorough examination.
The record of lifts should be kept together with the certificates and made available on demand to the independent competent person and to the statutory authorities. Diameter Nominal? Sketches can be enclosed I, the undersigned, thoroughly examined the above and certify that they showed no apparent defects or damage which could affect the strength or safe use.
For and on behalf of This certificate is valid for a maximum of six months or such lesser period as stated. The appearance of a few well distributed broken wires may have no marked effect on the strength of the sling, but it might be indicative of mechanical or corrosive damage.
Generally, the loss of strength caused by the mechanical or corrosive action on the rope as a whole is more critical than the loss in strength resulting from the actual wire breaks.
Localised breaks If there are three or more broken wires closely grouped, the effect on the sling or grommet should be assessed by an independent competent person. Corrosion The sling should be withdrawn from service and referred to an independent competent person for thorough examination where corrosion detrimental to the strength of the sling is suspected.
Significant distortion of the rope The sling should be discarded when distortion due to kinking, crushing, core collapse or knotting is identified. In cases where it is difficult to distinguish between detrimental distortion and acceptable deformation, the sling should be withdrawn from service and referred to an independent competent person for opinion or thorough examination. Damage due to weld arcing, etc.
The sling should be withdrawn from service and referred to an independent competent person for thorough examination, where pitting, arcing or marked discoloration due to overheating are identified. Damaged or defective terminations Particular attention should be paid to signs of: i ii iii iv v vi severe crushing or abrasion of the hand splice; pulling out of splice; concentrations of broken wires near to the splice, or in the splice; the effect of bursting stress at the throat of the eye due to the use of a pin of excessive diameter; fractured wires on the outside surface of the eye; mechanical damage on the bearing surface.
The competent person should consider measuring the actual length of the sling or grommet and the length of the splice tails, as this can give an important indication of serious deterioration. In addition, the actual length of the sling is critical if it is used as part of a matched set. Lay Directions? The core unit rope should be right or left hand ordinary lay; The outer unit ropes should be right or left hand ordinary lay; The cable laid ropes should be laid right or left hand.
Lay Factors For core unit and outer unit ropes:? Minimum: 6 x nominal unit rope diameter? Maximum: 7 x nominal unit rope diameter For cable laid rope:? Minimum: 6 x nominal cable laid rope diameter? Maximum: 7.
Guidance on the manufacture and safe use of cable-laid slings and grommets
The International Marine Contractors Association IMC A is the international trade association representing offshore, marine and underwater engineering companies. IMCA promotes improvements in quality, health, safety, environmental and technical standards through the publication of information notes, codes of practice and by other appropriate means. Members are self-regulating through the adoption of IMCA guidelines as appropriate. They commit to act as responsible members by following relevant guidelines and being willing to be audited against compliance with them by their clients. HSE has advised that, although it no longer issues this type of guidance, it would not be adverse to operational practices which followed the guidelines formerly available in PM The guidance was originally prepared by a working group of experts in and was intended to be mainly of assistance to those concerned with the use of cable laid slings and grommets in very heavy lifting operations.
IMCA publishes guidance on the manufacture and safe use of cable-laid slings and grommets
So what are the consequences for the leaders of the organisations in which our quality and environmental professionals work today? Leaders face the constant expectation that they will deliver solutions to meet the needs of this ever changing market place in which we are now all operating. Leaders must continually challenge conventional thinking and drive their teams to explore and deliver at a level not previously experienced and within financial constraints that make the task seem insurmountable. Business leaders, and in particular quality and environmental professionals, must learn how to master fiscal challenges and make decisions in extremely uncertain times. Managing risk,. The concept of risk-based thinking has been implicit in previous editions of this International Standard including, for example, carrying out preventive action to eliminate potential nonconformities, analysing any nonconformities that do occur, and taking action to prevent recurrence that is appropriate for the effects of the nonconformity. To conform to the requirements of this International Standard, an organization needs to plan and implement actions to address risks and opportunities.