Jun 4 12 Sivan Torah Portion. I know that a Jew is to say the Shema prayer twice a day - in the morning and in the evening. But I recently saw mentioned that it is said a third time, at bedtime. What's this all about? The Talmud says that when one goes to sleep at night, his soul goes up to heaven for a daily accounting.

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It is not possible to send messages to the Rabbis through replies system. Friday 13 Sivan Sign in Register. Further, throughout the generations, people became accustomed to adding on Psalms, verses, and prayers.

Since these are late additions, there are differences between the nusachim of the various ethnic groups. The minhag to recite them became widespread because of the custom of Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi see Magen Avraham However, according to the custom of the kabbalists, Birkat HaMapil precedes Shema and the other verses.

One who is concerned that he will fall asleep while reciting the prayers or before concluding them should start with Shema and HaMapil, thereby ensuring that before he falls asleep he recites the passages instituted by Chazal see Mishnah Berurah The HaMapil Blessing Regarding the recital of HaMapil, some are concerned that perhaps they will not fall asleep and their berachah will have been said in vain.

However, in practice, the fact that the Chachamim instituted reciting HaMapil means that they were not concerned about this. The blessing is a thanksgiving berachah to Hashem about sleep, and even for a person who does not succeed in falling asleep, the expression of thanks is not made in vain Chayei Adam Still, l'chatchilah, the Chachamim instituted the recital of this berachah for those who intend to sleep, and therefore one who has no intention of sleeping does not recite HaMapil on that particular night.

HaMapil is also not recited on a temporary sleep at night. A person who went to sleep at night after reciting HaMapil, arose later to attend to certain matters, and then went back to sleep, does not repeat the HaMapil blessing, since HaMapil is only recited once a night Beit Baruch ; Piskei Teshuvot , note 4. One who fell asleep without reciting HaMapil, and woke up in the middle of the night with the intention to continue sleeping, must recite the berachah before falling asleep again. There are those who learned, based on the Kabbalah of the Arizal, that only a person who goes to sleep before chatzot halachic midnight recites the HaMapil blessing, and whoever goes to sleep after chatzot does not.

However, according to the Ashkenazic minhag and that of some Sephardim, as long as one goes to sleep before amud hashachar, HaMapil is recited. Additional Laws After reciting Shema and HaMapil, whoever must talk, eat, drink, or tend to an urgent matter is permitted to do so since Birkat HaMapil is unlike Birkot HaNehenin, concerning which it is forbidden to interrupt between the berachah and the pleasure derived. One may recite the passages of the bedtime Shema while lying down, but he must be careful to lean on his side.

There are a number of reasons why the Chachamim prohibited a man to sleep while lying on his back Mishnah Berurah Only when he is about to fall asleep must he beware of lying on his back Az Nidberu If he remembers sinning, he confesses his sin and takes it upon himself not to sin in that manner again.

It is also proper that before going to sleep, every person forgives anyone who sinned against him or caused him harm, so that no one is punished because of him. By doing so, one merits long life Mishnah Berurah The Chachamim instituted only the recital of the Shema paragraph before going to sleep, as the Rif , Rambam, and the Rosh chapter 1, 6 write.

It is written in Berachot 5a, "Rav Nachman says, One who is a talmid chacham need not [repeat Keriat Shema before going to sleep] for his learning protects him. However, the Rambam and Shulchan Aruch do not mention this, implying that according to them, a talmid chacham must repeat it as well. Perhaps the source for their opinion is in the Yerushalmi chapter 1, halachah 1 which discusses talmidei chachamim who were accustomed to reciting Keriat Shema a few times in order to fall asleep while saying Keriat Shema.

Nevertheless, regarding the other verses, the recital of which is not obligatory, it seems that a talmid chacham can prefer to fall asleep while learning from a book or while deep in his thoughts. However, Kaf HaChaim writes that by reciting the passages of Keriat Shema according to the Ari, a restorative act tikun is performed to the world and therefore even a talmid chacham must say them. The Laws of Chag Shavuot Sivan 2 Redeeming Jewish captives, protecting wounded terrorists Tevet 13 Israel's Sovereignty on the Temple Mount Cheshvan 16 Rabbi Eliezer Melamed , Connecting To The Torah.

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The Bedtime Shema or Kriat Shema al Hamitah , is an extended version of the traditional Shema prayer and is recited before going to sleep. However, an additional practice of reciting the Shema before going to sleep developed in rabbinic times. Find the full Hebrew text of the Bedtime Shema on Sefaria. Praised are You, Lord our God, King of the universe, who brings sleep to my eyes, slumber to my eyelids.


Jewish Prayers: Bedtime Prayers

It is not possible to send messages to the Rabbis through replies system. Friday 13 Sivan Sign in Register. Further, throughout the generations, people became accustomed to adding on Psalms, verses, and prayers.

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