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It is made in the form of a short biographical account of the life of the medieval Tuscan condottiere , Castruccio Castracani , who lived in and ruled Lucca. The book is thought to have been written during a visit to Lucca in It was dedicated to Zanobi Buondelmonti and Luigi Alamanni. The former was also one of the two men to whom the Discourses on Livy was dedicated. Both, along with Machiavelli, are considered members of the so-called Orti Oricellari group. Despite being in the form of a biography the sayings of Castracani are generally considered to have been fabricated by Machiavelli.
It is therefore sometimes compared to his more well-known works including The Prince , the Discourses on Livy , and the Art of War. A distinct section of sayings appears at the end of the work, after Castracani's life has ended. Machiavelli treats Castracani as a person whose aim was to unite Tuscany, but who failed because, as Machiavelli has the dying Castracani tell his heir " Fortune , who is admitted to be arbiter of all human things, did not give me so much judgement that I could early understand her, nor so much time that I could overcome her".
This proposal that leaders can overcome the arbiter of all things is a common theme in Machiavelli's better known political works such as The Prince. By treating Castracani as a founder, almost, of a new state, Machiavelli used him as an example of the most important type of prince according to his other writings. In fact Machiavelli opens with a passage that treats prophets as the highest type of secular prince.
Because all of them either have been exposed to wild beasts or have had fathers so humble that, being ashamed of them, they have made themselves out sons of Jove or some other god.
Who these are, since many of them are known to everybody, would be boring to repeat and little acceptable to readers Machiavelli Machiavelli ends by touching upon another theme found in his other works, which is that Italy in his time was weak. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. As a dramatist Timeline. Hidden categories: CS1 Italian-language sources it. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
La Vita di Castruccio Castracani da Lucca
Castruccio was born in Lucca , a member of the noble family of Antelminelli , of the Ghibelline party. In he was exiled with his parents and others of their faction by the Guelphs "Black" party, then in the ascendant. At nineteen he became orphaned, and subsequently served as a condottiero under Philip IV of France in Flanders , then with the Visconti in Lombardy , and in under the Ghibelline chief, Uguccione della Faggiuola , lord of Pisa , in central Italy. He assisted Uguccione in many enterprises, including the capture of Lucca and the Battle of Montecatini , in which he was the main protagonist of the victory over the Guelph League led by the Florentines. However, due to his growing popularity, Uguccione had him jailed and condemned to death. An insurrection of the Lucchesi having led to the expulsion of Uguccione and his party, Castruccio regained his freedom and his position, and the Ghibelline triumph was presently assured.
The Life of Castruccio Castracani of Lucca
La vita di Castruccio Castracani da Lucca